These authors also relate the illustrious Cádiz agronomist Lucio Junio Moderato Columela with Balbaína, when he spent part of his youth on the farm of his uncle Marco Columela. Later, in his work De Re Rustica, he wrote a chapter on viticulture, where the foundations of land zoning are laid down, with constant references to the Ceretano fields.
Somewhat later, in 1269, a document is found that makes clear the king Alfonso X’s gratitude to the military orders of Santiago and Alcántara donating part of their Barbayna lands. These lands were in the hands of smallholders until, at the beginning of the 16th century, they passed to large owners such as Pedro Camacho, who was nicknamed El Rico because of the immense fortune he inherited, considering himself the wealthiest Jerez gentleman of his time. His possessions occupied some 5,160 aranzadas in the Jerez inheriting and donadíos of Montana, Barbaina and Grañina. In them were vineyards, forests, mountains, meadows, fields, houses and cabins.
Later, already in the 19th century, their former owners are described as Frailes de la Merced, del Carmen and Santo Domingo, the latter standing out for be rich vintners. At that time Balbaína already extended over 1566 aranzadas of albarizas and bujeos with a total of 58 owners. The vidueños of it included: palomino, perruno, cañocazo, albillo, pedro jiménez and mantúo, giving highly esteemed musts. His most appreciated vineyards were La Campanilla, El Arcón, Las Cañas and El Sargento Mayor.
Balbaína Alta has traditionally been considered the finest of the Jerez estates, giving the wines a profile that is very suitable for biological aging. In general, they are wines with a more spicy nose and more vertical on the palate, with a light step.
The fact that Balbaína is a pago to produce fresh wines is marked in the collective unconscious, and, therefore, is part of the terroir itself, as well as the proximity to the sea. All this human development ended up generating 4 subpayments: Los Cuadrados, Balbaína Alta, Carrahola and Las Tablas.